Scorpene-class diesel-electric submarine INS Karanj was commissioned into the Indian Navy in Mumbai on Wednesday. Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Karambir Singh and Admiral (Retired) VS Shekhawat were present at the ceremony. Navy Chief Admiral Karambir Singh while addressing the media said, "Indian Navy\u00a0has been a strong proponent of indigenization & self-reliance in defence over past 7 decades. At present, out of 42 ships & submarines on order, 40 are being constructed in Indian shipyards.'' "The impetuous to atmanirbharta or indigenization is a fundamental tenet of Indian Navy's growth story & future trajectory,'' the Navy Chief said. The submarine INS Karanj has been constructed under the 'Make in India' program at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited. INS Karanj is the third scorpene-class submarine of the country. Two submarines of this class,\u00a0INS Kalvari and INS Khanderi have already been commissioned into the Navy. A fourth of the class, INS Vela, has been undergoing trials at sea.