NITI Aayog on Thursday released the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index and Dashboard 2020-21. The Index for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) evaluates the progress of states and Union Territories (UTs) on various parameters including health, education, gender, economic growth, institutions, climate change and environment. First launched in December 2018, the index has become the primary tool for monitoring progress on the SDGs in India. It has also fostered competition among the states and UTs by ranking them on the global goals.
Kerala retained its top position in the SDG index for states by battering its score from 70 in 2019 to 75 in 2020. Kerala is jointly followed by Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu with a score of 74. In the case of the SDG Index for Union Territories, Chandigarh tops the list with a score of 79.
Meanwhile, Bihar is at the bottom of the list with a score of 52 followed by Jharkhand (56) and Assam (57). Although all these states have improved their scores by a few points as compared to 2019, they have continued to be among the lowest performers since the rankings began in 2018-2019.
In fast-moving states (score-wise), the top gainers are Mizoram (68), Haryana (67) and Uttarakhand (72) with improvements of 12, 10 and 8 points from 2019 respectively.
The country’s overall SDG score improved by 6 points—from 60 in 2019 to 66 in 2020–21. This positive stride towards achieving the targets is largely driven by exemplary country-wide performance in Goal 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation) and Goal 7(Affordable and Clean Energy), where the composite Goal scores are 83 and 92, respectively.